The reasons for the appearance of pigmentation.


Facial pigmentation is a common topic of discussion among cosmetology specialists. You have probably read a lot of information about it. Also, we have repeatedly drawn attention to this problem. Pigmentation is not just a visual defect in the skin; it is a problem that requires a comprehensive solution.

The skin is a sensitive organ that reacts to the influence of all external factors. Many people try to get rid of dark spots to become more attractive. Pigmented spots are the accumulation of melanin on a specific area of ​​the skin. This enzyme is responsible for the color of the skin and hair. Perhaps you know that any factor can produce melanin. Many young people believe that hyperpigmentation is a consequence of skin aging. Unfortunately, improper skincare can lead to increased production of melanin and pigmentation. Pigmented spots can appear at any age, with any skin color and sensitivity.

To understand what to do with pigmentation on the face, you need to know what type of it you have. There are the most common types of age spots:

  • birthmarks,
  • freckles (ephelides),
  • sunspots (lentigo),
  • melasma (chloasma).

The main reasons that provoke the appearance of pigmentation:

  • Hormonal changes/disturbances in the body (pregnancy, old age).
  • Disorders of the gastrointestinal system.
  • Stress and tension of the nervous system.
  • Exposure to UV radiation.
  • Violation of metabolic processes.
  • Impaired assimilation of vitamins and minerals.
  • Heredity.
  • Prolonged exposure to the sun.
  • Incorrect use of certain types of cosmetics or the consequence of procedures, for example, epilation.
  • Taking hormonal drugs.
  • Consumption of large quantities of caffeinated products.


Home ways.
If you notice the first signs of pigmentation, you can start fighting it using special cosmetics. The modern cosmetology industry offers various options for cosmetic products to protect the skin from the influence of negative environmental factors. You should choose products that are effective but not harsh on the skin. Cosmetologists recommend choosing products with glycolic acid. It quickly penetrates the layers of the skin and helps to reduce the appearance of pigmentation.

Cosmetology procedures.
The most effective way to get rid of pigmentation is hardware cosmetic procedures. You can consult a specialist who will determine the type of procedure that will help get rid of your type of pigmentation.

The most common cause of hyperpigmentation is hormonal disorders in the body, and UV radiation is a catalyst for this process. All kinds of spots appear as a result of the influence of UV rays, but various diseases are the cause of such a skin reaction to them.

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